CHARTER of PILAJ
Japanese |English
■ CHARTER of the PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION of JAPAN

(enacted 4 November 1949; as amended 20 October 1986) -- English translation.

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 (Name)
The name of the Association shall be "The Private International Law Association of Japan."

Article 2 (Office)
The office of the Association shall be in such place as is determined by the Board of councilors.

CHAPTER II OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES

Article 3 (Objectives)
The objectives of the Association shall include enhancement of the study of private international law and promotion of cooperation with similar academic bodies overseas as well as coordination among researchers of private international law.

Article 4 (Activities)
The activities of the Association shall include, in pursuit of the objectives prescribed in the preceding Article,
 (i)furthering cooperation among researchers of private international law;
 (ii)holding of conferences and meetings of an academic character;
 (iii)publishing books and the Journal of the Association;
 (iv)maintaining friendly ties and cooperation with academic bodies overseas; and
 (v)other activities recognized as appropriate, by the Board of councilors.

CHAPTER III MEMBERSHIP AND MEMBERSHIP FEES

Article 5 (Members)
The Association shall consist of the following members:
 (i)regular members, those who are engaged in the study of private international law or its related subject;
 (ii)supporting members, those bodies, cooperate or otherwise, who agree with our objectives and seek to contribute to the enhancement of our objectives;
 (iii)honorary members, those who have contributed to the developmentof the study of private international law and have been acknowledged for such at the General Meeting of the Association.

Article 6 (Membership Fees)
Every member, regular or supporting, shall pay membership fees in compliance with the regulations promulgated by the Board of Councilors.

Article 7 (Admission)
Any person who wishes to become a member, regular or supporting, of the Association, shall apply for admission with the Board of ouncilors.

Article 8 (Withdrawal)
The Board of Councilors may consider those members who fail to pay their annual fees as voluntarily withdrawn from the Association.

CHAPTER IV OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION

Article 9(Officers)
The Association shall have the following officers:
 (i)President (one);
 (ii)Board of Councilors members (several); and
 (iii)Auditors (several).
(2)The members of the Board of Councilors and the Auditors shall be elected at the General Meeting.
(3)The President shall be elected by the Board of Councilors from among its members.

Article 10 (Terms of Officers)
The officers shall be elected for the period of three years, from the day of their election, without prejudice to their eligibility for reelection.
(2)In case of a vacancy in the Board of Councilors or Auditors, the vacancy shall be filled as the case requires. The terms of such officers shall extend for the remaining term of the vacated office.
(3) The officers shall remain in office after expiration of their terms until newly elected or re-elected officers take their place.

Article 11 (President)
The President shall represent the Association.
(2)In cases where the President is unable to perform his or her function, a member of the Board of Councilors, nominated in advance by the President, shall act as President.

Article 12 (Members of the Board of Councilors)
Members of the Board of Councilors shall constitute such Board to administer and carry out the business of the Association.
(2)The Board of Councilors may delegate its function by electing officers from among itself to carry out the daily activities of the Association.

Artic1e 13 (Auditors)
The Auditors shall examine the state of the treasury and the accounts of the Association, and review their use for the purposes of the Association.

CHAPTER V CONFERENCES AND MEETINGS

Article 14 (Conferences and Meetings)
The Association shall have General Meetings and Board of Councilors meetings.

Article 15 (General Meeting)
There may be ordinary and extra-ordinary sessions for the General Meeting.

Article 16
The General Meetings shall be summoned by the President.
(2)Ordinary sessions of the General Meeting shall be held twice every year.
(3)Extra-ordinary sessions of the General Meeting may be summoned in the following circumstances:
 (i)where the President considers it necessary, or
 (ii)where more than one-fifth of the members of the Association request for it, showing the specific grounds of its need and purposes.

Article 17
The decisions of the General Meeting shall be made by majority of the members present.
(2)Absent members may delegate, in writing, exercise of their votes to other members attending the General Meeting.

Article 18 (Board of Councilors)
The Board of Councilors shall be summoned by the President.

CHAPTER VI AMENDMENT OF THE CHARTER

Article 19 (Amendment of the Charter)
There shall be a vote of two-thirds of the members present at the General Meeting for the amendment of the present Charter.



Supplementary Provisions:
(1)This amendment shall come into force on the 21st day of October 1986.
(2)Those officers existing on the day of coming into force of this amendment shall be deemed elected or re-elected as such,provided that the terms of their offices shall expire on the 18th day of May 1987, notwithstanding the provision of Item 1, Article 10 of the present Charter.

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